*This story comes to us from our sister society, the Lennox & Addington Historical Society. 

Hinch - At North Fredericksburgh, Jan. 20th, 1899

Ogden Quigley Hinch was born to Thomas and Mary Maria Quigley the 28th of December, 1851 at Tamworth and was enumerated in the 1861 Census for Canada West. His siblings were William A., Simpson P., M. Alicia, E. Catharine and George H., and one sibling died during infancy .  

Thomas Hinch, aged 76 years, 9 months and 21 days - It is with regret we announce this week the death of another of the pioneers of this country, Mr. Thomas Hinch, who, after a lingering and painful illness, passed peacefully away on Friday morning last, 20th Jan, 1899. Deceased was born in County Kilkenny, Ireland, March 31st, 1822 and in 1824 came with his parents to this country, and with them lived near Newburgh for a time, and afterwards settled in the fifth concession of Camden, where his parents, George and Catherine Hinch died, the former on June 13th, 1833, the latter Dec. 25th, 1848. When but a lad he, with his brother Joseph, served an apprenticeship with Mr. John Gibbard, of this town, and together for a time, they made fanning mills in Camden, and then Thomas carried on the business alone. He bought a farm near the old homestead, and on the 27th Feb., 1849, was married to Mary M. Quigley, daughter of the late Ogden Quigley, by whom he had eight children, one of whom died in infancy. The others are William A., of Deloraine, Man.; Ogden, of Carman, Man.; Simpson P., of this town; Mrs. (Dr.) D.G. Storms, of Hamilton; Mrs. J. Bailey Hamm, of North Fredericksburgh, and George H., of Hamilton, all of whom survive him. In 1871 he sold his farm in Camden and purchased the old Rombough homestead in North Fredericksburgh, where he resided until June of 1884, when, desiring to retire from active life he removed to Napanee, where Mrs. Hinch died on the 19th Dec. of the same year. He was again married to Mrs. Mary A.E. Shephard on May 20th, 1891, who also survives him. He was one of a family of nine children of whom his brother Joseph, living in North Fredericksburgh, is the only surviving member. For a number of years deceased was a member of the Church of England, but in his later days he became a member of the Methodist church, and passed away leaning with implicit confidence on the Saviour whom in his hours of pain and trial he had learned to love and trust most fully. He was a member of the Masonic body, and a staunch Conservative. Deceased was a strong, rugged man until about five years ago when he had a slight stroke, since which time he had never been strong, and for the past three years had been almost a constant sufferer, notwithstanding the tender care and ministrations of his wife and family. The funeral on Sunday last was largely attended. Rev. Dr. Crothers conducting the services at the house, after which the remains were place in the vault of the Napanee cemetery. 

The family had moved to Little Creek Street in North Fredericksburgh Township by the 1871 Census. However, Ogden was not enumerated. He does not appear again until the 1881 Census. In that period, 1861-1881 Ogden was busy. It appears he married Jane or 'Jeannie' Duncan on Tuesday, October 31, 1871, a Napanee girl. They had three children, Herbert H., Edith M., and Lilian R., residing on Graham Street, Napanee. 

On the 24th of September, 1874 Ogden initiated into Victoria Masonic Lodge No.299 in Centreville, Roll Number 14 where he declared his occupation to be a 'Merchant'. Victoria Lodge No.299 had just been warranted in 1873. Then on December 10th, 1875 he affiliated as a Master Mason with Union Lodge No.9 in Napanee being Number 211 in the 1910 Member Register declaring himself to be a 'Clerk'. He becomes the Worshipful Master of Union Lodge in 1880 and again in 1884. While the Worshipful Master in 1880 he acted as the Grand Junior Warden at the laying of the cornerstone for the Methodist Episcopal Church at the Floating Bridge in Ernestown Township. (Beulah United Church) In 1883 he became a Grand Steward. At some point, he became a member of Mount Sinai Chapter No.44 of the Royal Arch Masons in Napanee because in 1884 he was the Excellent Companion (Z) according to their Annual Proceedings. His father Thomas and uncle Joseph had been members of Prince of Wales Lodge No.146 in Newburgh. 

The 1891 Census indicates they have had a fourth child Bertha D., who is 
five years old. Herbert H. is 18 and a 'Book Keeper' while
Ogden has become a 'Dry Goods Merchant'.

On the southeast corner of Dundas and John Streets today is The Royal Bank Building which has occupied this corner since 1919. The building was built circa 1886 by Doctor Herman L. Cook after a fire had destroyed the earlier structures located there called the Albert Block. According to an article published in the Toronto Globe dated Saturday, November 25th, 1893 it was called 'Cheapside' the home of Hinch and Company, Importers and Dealers in Dry Goods, Carpets, Millinery, Home Furnishings and Furs. The Globe reported it to be “the largest and best-appointed Dry Goods establishment in Central Ontario.” Hinch and Company occupied forty-four feet of the frontage and its depth of 120 feet, two floors plus the basement. It was a 'state of the art' commercial building for 1886 with a 7 by 12-foot vault having 'burglar proof doors' and two large steel furnaces. The store was lighted by arc and incandescent lights and utilized a 'Lamson Cash Railway System'. 

Lamson Cash Railway Systems were introduced in 1882 to the retail industry as a modern and efficient way to handle money. Payments from a sales associate were placed in a wooden ball and hoisted to a mini rail track which ran to a central cashier who would write the receipt and place it and any change in the wooden ball to be returned to that associate and the customer. It was the precursor to pneumatic tube systems. 

In 1892/93 he wrote a letter to then Ontario Minister of Agriculture the Honourable Auguste Real Angers about reconverting a cheese factory into a creamery. It is full of precise details and costs which the minister quoted in detail in his Annual Report for that year. Obviously, Ogden was involved with a cheese factory/creamery farm as well. 

Ogden's father Thomas passes away January 20th, 1899. 

Historically, Sir John A. MacDonald had died on June 6th, 1891 after being re-elected to his fourteenth term and eleventh as leader. 1897-1899 was the Great Development of the West by Laurier. The province of Manitoba was created in 1870. Western farmers had developed the earlier maturing wheat so as to avoid the frosts with improved yields. The demand for wheat was increasing. Canada's population was now 5.4 million. The unclaimed Railway Grant Lands were being made available in 160 acre homesteads. This is the period of giant Canadian advertising campaigns in the United States, Britain and continental Europe. Our immigration in this period went from 17,000 in 1896 to 48,000 in 1900. 

To quote Andre Lalonde from his thesis Settlement in the North-West Territories by Colonization Companies 1881-1891 “Young Ontario farmers and businessmen alike ecstatically visualized the West as the 'promised land' the land of the future.” Ogden was one of those Ontario businessmen. According to the Manitoba Historical website, Ogden moved to Carmen Village in 1897 where he was involved in real estate until 1902 when he moved to Winnipeg becoming associated with a Colonization Company. 

Colonization Companies were designed to promote and co-ordinate immigration settlement in what was then called the North-West Territories (our prairie provinces). These companies could purchase odd numbered sections of land for resale at $2.00 per acre with 24 miles of the Canadian Pacific Railway main line or 12 miles of a branch line and expect to sell it at between $3.00 and $20.00 per acre. Remember the homestead parcels were 160 acres. These companies had a number of conditions and terms that had to be satisfied. However, if these were met bonuses were paid by the Federal government i.e. The number of people and their ages in the family group. 

 In 1905-1906 he established The Manitoba and Western Colonization Company.
Ogden published a thirty-page brochure for this venture with photographs,
agricultural statistics and a map to entice settlers. 
Ogden Quigley Hinch died September 9th, 1908 in Winnipeg, Manitoba

His son Herbert Henry took over the company. 

Background Biographies 

Simpson P. Hinch, brother of Ogden, Born: Camden Township, Ontario 12 September 1855 third in a family of seven children. Worked the family farm till 1884, joined Ogden to operate a 'general store'. Later returned to the farm. Simpson moved in 1901 to Carmen Village where associated in a real estate business for a year. Simpson Hinch remained in Carmen and continued the real estate business. 

1 June, 1882 married Hannah Maria Bell at Ernesttown. They had two children, Mary Ethel Hinch and Thomas Wilfred Bell Hinch. Hannah died 1909. Simpson then married Margaret Burgess 18 June, 1910 

William A. Hinch, brother of Ogden, Married: Hester Isabella Keller. Migrated to 'Quinte Farm' Deloraine, Manitoba prior to 1905. Photographs available online harvesting on Quinte Farm; photo of William, Hester. 

George H. Hinch, brother of Ogden Born: 1867. Married: Janet Rodgers in 1897. Died: 1903 age of 36. 

Herbert Henry Hinch, son of Ogden and Jean. Financial Agent. Born at Tamworth, Ontario 2nd of August, 1872. He was educated at Napanee Collegiate Institute and the Stratford (Ontario) Business College. He worked in the mercantile business in Napanee starting in 1890 then came to Winnipeg in 1898. By 1911, he was President of the Manitoba and Western Colonization Company. In 1894, he married Marion MacEachern of Napanee. They had three children Reginald, Grace and Jean Katherine. 

 

Sources

Memorable Manitobans www.mhs.mb.ca/docs/people 

The Story of Manitoba, F.H. Schofield 

Obituary for Thomas Hinch Napanee Beaver June 27, 1899 online at www.sfredheritage.on.ca

Watson Scrapbook 

1861 Canadian Census, Addington, 1871 Canadian Census, Lennox, 1881 Canadian Census, Lennox 

1901 Canadian Census, Manitoba 

Victoria Lodge No.299, Centreville; Union Lodge No.9, Napanee; Prince of Wales Lodge No.146, Newburgh; Mount Sinai Chapter No.44, Napanee 

Toronto Globe Saturday, November 25, 1893 

Minister of Agriculture Report 1893 

Library and Archives Canada 

 

Biography of Hugh Allan Hamilton 

I was born and raised in Toronto, specifically in a very small hamlet at the northwest corner of Metropolitan Toronto called Humber Summit. In 1973 I graduated from Sheridan College, Oakville as an Instructional Technician and was hired by the Lennox and Addington County Board of Education to be an Audio Visual Technician providing service to all the county's elementary schools. During my career, I transferred to Ernestown Secondary School to be their Audio Visual Technician and in 1985 was retrained to service computers which I did for the Limestone District School Board until my formal retirement in 2007. 

As a youngster, once I learned to read, I became an avid reader especially enjoying history and historical biographies which probably piqued my interest. I would spend many Saturdays travelling by bus to the main library for North York on Yonge Street above Sheppard Avenue to avail myself of more books to read or find research that was not available in my school libraries or the public library book mobile. Thus when I retired, I had more time available and did not need to spend my 'spare time' reading technical manuals to keep up to date on the ever changing digital world. Consequently, I returned to my old love of history. 

I had become a member of the Masonic lodge Union Lodge No.9 and started reading about their history which as a lodge dates to 1812. I realized Lennox and Addington County was very rich in the history of Ontario. I became aware that as this quotation by George MacLean Rose from 1886 states, “The history of one man (woman) in an obscure village is a portion of the history of the country and the aggregate record of representative Canadians.” As a result, I began to research and record the deeds and lives of various Masons and the Masonic Lodges of Lennox and Addington County. I enjoy telling their stories so we of today do not forget their lives and stories which are woven into the fabric of the great quilt of Ontario and Canada.